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Jurnal Vol.5, No.1

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ARTIKEL - Juli 2008, Vol.5, No.1

Konsumsi karbohidrat dan lemak dan hubungannya dengan daya tahan jantung paru atlet sepak bola PS Semen Padang Divisi Utama PSSI Liga Bank Mandiri IX tahun 2003

Ferry1, Woro Kushartanti2, M. Noerhadi2

ABSTRACT

Background
: Football is body movement that need energy balanced for maintaining optimum cardiorespiratory endurance. Macronutrient and micronutrient are the most nutrient needed to produce energy so that athletes have maximal performance in each sport activity. Athlete’s menu must be consist of 60-70% carbohydrate and 20-25% fat of total energy. .
Objective :To find out the correlation between the pattern of carbohydrate and fat intake with cardiorespiratory endurance of football athletes of PS Semen Padang in the top division of PSSI Liga Bank Mandiri in 2003.
Method : This research was observational with cross sectional design. The subjects were football athletes of PS Semen Padang in the top division of PSSI Liga Bank Mandiri in 2003. Variables consisted of the pattern of carbohydrate and fat intake, and cardiorespiratory endurance. Data were analysed using univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis.
Result : There were no significant correlation between carbohydrate (p=0.751) and fat (p=0.297) intake with cardiorespiratory endurance, while BMI (p=0.034), triglyceride (p=0.044) and body fat (p=0.007) had significant correlation with cardiorspiratory endurance. The most influential variable to cardiorespiratory endurance was body fat (OR=12.00).
Conclusion : There were significant correlation between BMI, triglyceride, and body fat with cardiorespiratory endurance of football athletes of PS Semen Padang in the top division of PSSI Liga Bank Mandiri in 2003, but there was no correlation between pattern of carbohydrate and fat intake with cardiorespiratory endurance.

Key words : carbohydrat and fat intake, triglyceride, body fat, BMI, cardiorespiratory endurance

1 Jurusan Gizi Poltekkes Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, Jl. Dr. T. Syarief Thayeb, Lampriet Banda Aceh, NAD, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
2 Jurusan Gizi Poltekkes Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, Jl. Dr. T. Syarief Thayeb, Lampriet Banda Aceh, NAD, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

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Asupan natrium dan kalium berhubungan dengan frekuensi kekambuhan sindrom dispepsia fungsional

Hervina Dwijayanti1, Neneng Ratnasari2, Susetyowati3

ABSTRACT

Background
:A high-salt diet is known to cause gastritis, has been associated with a high risk of atrophic gastritis, and is considered a gastric tumor promoter. Excessive NaCl intake enhances Helicobacter pylori colonization in mice and in humans and that chronic salt intake may exacerbate gastritis by increasing Helicobacter pylori colonization. Furthermore, elevated salt intake may potentiate Helicobacter pylori-associated carcinogenesis by inducing proliferation, pit cell hyperplasia, and glandular atrophy.
Objective : The aim of this research was to describe the correlation between sodium and potassium intake and relapse frequent functional dyspepsia syndrome in Sardjito Hospital Yogyakarta.
Method : This was an observational research with cross sectional design. The subjects of this research were 32 course care patients in Sardjito Hospital Yogyakarta on November 2006–Januari 2007 who met the inclusion criteria. Those were who diagnosed as functional dyspepsia, with or without Helicobacter pylori infection, and above eighteen years old. Data were collected by interviewing and gathered from medical record, then analyzed using Rank-Spearman test.
Result : The average of the relapse frequent of dyspepsia syndrome in Sardjito Hospital was 14.38 ±2.93, with the minimum score was 4 and the maximum score was 32. The result showed that sodium intake gave a positive relation and significant for relapse frequent of dyspepsia syndrome (p<0.05). The potassium intake gave a negative relation and significant for relapse frequent of dyspepsia syndrome (p<0.05).
Conclusion : There was a positive and significant correlation between sodium intake and relapse frequent of dyspepsia syndrome, but there was a negative and significant correlation between potassium intake and relapse frequent of dyspepsia syndrome.

Key words : sodium, potassium, functional dyspepsia syndrome

1Instalasi Gizi RS Paramita, Kawasan Industri CCM, Jl. Raya Serang km 28,5 Kav F1-8, Balaraja, Tangerang, Banten, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
2Bagian Penyakit Dalam RSUP Dr. Sardjito, Jl. Kesehatan, Yogyakarta
3Instalasi Gizi RSUP Dr. Sardjito, Jl. Kesehatan, Yogyakarta, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

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Usia penyapihan dan hubungannya dengan intelegensi pada siswa TK

Hesti Purwandari1, Endy P. Prawirohartono2, Sri Hartati3

ABSTRACT

Background
: Nutrition is the important aspect in improving quality of human being resources. Malnutrition is still a problem in Indonesia. This problem is caused by some factors, those are direct and indirect factors. Direct factors consist of dietary intake and infection disease. Dietary intake is a combination of breast milk and complementary foods. Indirect factors consist of food supply at home, treatment of pregnant mother and children, and health service. Early weaning will generate malnutrition at young age if it is not complemented with sufficient feeding. Malnutrition at young age can affect brain function permanently, because the development of brain will be optimum before two years old. This condition can influence the development of chidren’s intelligence.
Objective : The objective of the study was to find out the relationship between weaning age and intelligence.
Method : This was a cross sectional study, at kindergarten in Mlati Sub-district. Subjects were recruited based on a simple random sampling technique. There were 194 children and mothers who met the inclusion criteria and the exclusion criteria. Those were who had chronic disease and never got breastfeeding. Instruments in this study were questionnaire, microtoise, and Standford-Binet test. Data were analysed with chi square test.
Result : The study showed that 52.6% of children had the age of weaning <2 years and 47.4% had weaning at >2 years. Out of 194 children, 79.9% were normal and 20.1% of them were stunted. There were 97.7% of children who had good intelligence, whereas 2.1% of them had low intelligence. There was no significant relationship between nutritional status and intelligence (p=0.181), but there was significant relationship between cognitive stimulation and intelligence (p=0.037). There was no significant relationship between weaning age and nutritional status (p=0.209), and neither was relationship between weaning age and intelligence (p=1.000).
Conclusion : There was no significant relationship between nutritional status and intelligence.

Key words: weaning age, nutritional status, intelligence, kindergarten student

1Jl. Godean km 5 RT 07/RW 03, Guyangan, Nogotirto, Gamping, Sleman, Yogyakarta, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
2 Bagian Anak RSUP Dr. Sardjito, Jl. Kesehatan, Yogyakarta, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
3 Bagian Gizi Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi DIY, Jl. Tompeyan TR III/201 Tegalrejo, Yogyakarta

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Pola konsumsi pangan, paritas, dan status gizi ibu postpartum 4 dan 6 bulan

IGA Putri Mahadewi1, Hamam Hadi2, Retna Siwi Padmawati3

ABSTRACT

Background
: Breastfed mothers are included in nutritional high-risk group. A the age of 4-6 months after postpartum, their weight start to decrease because of recovery and breastfeeding. Based on Susilo’s research, the prevalence of inadequate food intake of pregnant mothers in Bantul Regency is 28.69%. That high prevalence is caused by the lack of energy and protein intake. The nutritional status of breastfed mothers depend on their food intake during pregnancy. Nevertheless, the nutritional status of breastfed mothers aged 4 and 6 months who have sufficient and insufficient food intake are not known yet.
Objective : To know the relationship between food intake pattern, the nutritional status during pregnancy, and parity with nutritional status of breastfed mothers aged 4 and 6 months.
Method : This was observational research with cohort combined with concurrent and non-concurrent prospective study. Subjects were mothers who had baby aged 4 months. Data collected were mother’s nutritional status during pregnancy, nutritional status of breastfed mothers aged 4 and 6 months, food intake pattern (variety, quantity, frequency, avoidance of food), and economics social data (family, education, job, income, outcome, and parity). Food intake determined using FFQ. Data was analyzed descriptively and analytically with chi square and logistic examination. Multivariate logistic test was used to control variable that influence nutritional status of breastfed mothers.
Result : The result showed that there was no relationship between food intake patterns during pregnancy with nutritional status of breastfed mothers aged 4 and 6 months. There was also no relationship between parity and nutritional status of breastfed mothers aged 4 and 6 months. Yet, there was significant influence between nutritional status during pregnancy with nutritional status of breastfed mothers aged 4 and 6 months (p<0.05). OR nutritional status during pregnancy and breastfeeding aged 4 month was 4.89:95% CI 1.63-14.7 and 6 month was 12:95% CI 2.37-15.81.
Conclusion : The food intake pattern of breastfed mothers and parity did not influence nutritional status of breastfed mothers aged 4 and 6 months. However, the better the nutritional status of mothers during pregnancy, the better the nutritional status of breastfed mothers aged 4 and 6 months.

Key words : food intake pattern, parity, nutritional status, breastfed mothers

1 Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Bali, Jl. Melati No. 20, Denpasar
2 Magister Gizi Kesehatan UGM, Jl Farmako, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
3 Unit Epidemiologi Klinik dan Biostatistika Fakultas Kedokteran UGM, Jl. Farmako Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281

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Pelaksanaan asuhan gizi dengan pendekatan terapi gizi medis (TGM) berpengaruh terhadap asupan gizi pasien di RSUD Kota Bekasi

Ika Yuliati C.1, I. Made Alit Gunawan2, R. Dwi Budiningsari3

ABSTRACT

Background : Medical nutrition therapy (MNT) is one of nutrition care models which focuses on integrated patient management involving active participation of doctors, nutritionists, nurses, and other professions within nutrition care team. An indicator of success in nutrition intervention is nutrition intake. Bekasi Municipal Hospital has not implemented integrated nutrition care within a team. The result of monitoring and evaluation during the first quarter of 2006 showed that average patient nutrition intake was only 65-70% (inadequate).
Objective : To identify the influence of nutrition care implementation using MNT approach to nutrition intake and length of stay at Bekasi Municipal Hospital.
Methods : The study was quaci-experimental which used static-group comparison. Samples were patients hospitalized at internal medicine ward of class VIP, 1, 2, and 3. Data obtained consisted of conventional nutrition care and MNT, data of nutrition intake using Comstock visual and 24 hour recall methods. T-test and Mann Whitney statistical test were used to analyze the influence of types of nutrition care to nutrition intake.
Result : Average percentage of total nutrition intake of hospital food and outside hospital food sample with MNT nutrition care was better than conventional nutrition care. Total nutrition intake was 91.71% for energy, 92.12% for protein, 111.83% for fat, and 85.41% for carbohydrate. The result was significant for energy intake (p<0.05). Nutrition intake of sample hospital was 86.08% for energy, 88.91% for protein, 108.55% for fat, and 78.91% for carbohydrate. Nutrition intake of outside hospital was 21.94% for energy, 13.77% for protein, 12.22% for fat, and 35.43% for carbohydrate. They were not significant statistically.
Conclusion : There was difference in nutrition intake between samples with MNT and conventional nutrition care. Nutrition intake of samples with MNT was better than conventional nutrition care and statistically significant (p<0.05).

Key words : conventional nutrition care, medical nutrition therapy, nutrition intake

1 Instalasi Gizi RSUD Kota Bekasi, Jl. Pramuka 55, Bekasi, Jawa Barat
2 Jurusan Gizi Politeknik Kesehatan Departemen Kesehatan RI Yogyakarta, Jl. Tatabumi No. 3 Yogyakarta
3 Magister Gizi Kesehatan UGM, Jl Farmako, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

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Pengetahuan dan sikap suami berhubungan dengan perilaku keluarga mandiri sadar gizi (kadarzi) di Kota Bandung Provinsi Jawa Barat

Misbakhudin1, Toto Sudargo2, M. Dawam Jamil 3

ABSTRACT

Background
: A nutrition awareness of family (kadarzi) can be actualized through family empowerment by improving knowledge and attitude toward nutrition alert behavior. To implement the program of kadarzi needs a motivator, i.e. a husband as head of the family. The result of kadarzi mapping at Bandung Municipality in 2005 showed that 57.23% of families were not nutrition alert. Therefore, it is necessary to study the relationship between knowledge and attitude of husbands and behavior of kadarzi.
Objectives : To identify the relationship between knowledge and attitude of husbands and behavior of kadarzi.
Methods : The study was observational with cross sectional design using quantitative method. Analysed units were 378 households with husbands and wives as respondents. Location of the study was Bandung Municipality and samples were taken using multistage cluster technique. Data of knowledge and attitude of husbands in kadarzi were obtained through observation using check list. Data analysed with univariable and bivariable technique; statistical test used chi square (2) and multivariable analysis used logistic regression statistical test.
Results : Knowledge of husbands on kadarzi was 63.2% belonged to high category and 36.6% belonged to low category. Attitude of husbands toward kadarzi was 53.2% belonged to strong category and 46.8% belonged to weak category. As much as 69.60% of families had not practiced kadarzi and 30.40% had practiced kadarzi. The result of statistical test showed that there were significant relationship between knowledge and attitude of husbands and behavior of kadarzi, wives’ level of education and activities and behavior of kadarzi (p<0.05).
Conclusion : There was a siginifcant relationship between knowledge and attitude of husbands and behavior of kadarzi when control variables of wives’ education and activities were included in the analysis.

Key words : behavior, kadarzi, knowledge, attitude, husbands

1 Dinas Kesehatan Kota Bandung, Jl. Supratman 73, Bandung, Jawa Barat
2 Magister Gizi dan Kesehatan UGM, Jl Farmako, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
3 Jurusan Gizi Politeknik Kesehatan Departemen Kesehatan RI, Jl. Tatabumi No. 3 Yogyakarta, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

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Pertumbuhan dan perkembangan anak gizi buruk masa lalu di Kabupaten Tanggamus Provinsi Lampung

Suhartono1, Dradjat Boediman2, Toto Castro3

ABSTRACT

Background
: Undernutrition is one of factors that influences growth and development of children and causes lost generation. In Indonesia, 2.4 million of underfives suffered from undernutrition and 7 millions of them suffered from protein energy malnutrition. In Tanggamus Regency, 46% of children suffered from protein energy malnutrition and 81 cases suffered from undernutrition.
Objectives : To identify the relationship between children’s previous undernutrition and their recent growth and development.
Methods : The study was observational with cross sectional design. Subjects were all undernutrition cases nursed in Regional Public Hospital of Pringsewu Tanggamus from 1999–2001. Antropometric measurement was done to children’s weight and height. The anthropometric indicators were weight for age z-score (waz), height for age z-score (haz), and weight for height z-score (whz). Raw motoric development was measured using Denver test. Data collected using questionnaire were child internal factors and external factors of family’s characteristics and health service. One variable analysis was done descriptively, while t-test was used to know the relationship between children’s previous undernutrition and their recent growth development.
Results : There was relationship between previous undernutrition of children and their recent growth (p<0,05), but there was not relationship between undernutrition and their development (p>0,05). The other factor that had relationship with their development were the achievement of D/S (p<0,05). Factors of nutritionist, midwife, intervention, TBC’s suspect, head of household education, mother education, member of family, children’s parity, social status, salary, scope of D/S, scope of N/D, and scope of vitamin A tablet supplementation did not have the relationship with the growth and development of children (p>0,05).
Conclusion : There was relationship between previous undernutrition of children and their recent growth, but there was not with the recent development of children. The achievement of D/S was the other factor that had relationship with the growth of children.

Key words : undernutrition, growth of children, development of children, lost generation

1 Dinas Kesehatan Tanggamus, Jl. R. Suprapto Komplek Perkantoran Pemda Tanggamus Kota Agung Lampung 35384, e-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
2 Bagian Anak RS Dr. Sardjito, Jl. Kesehatan Yogyakarta
3 Balai Pelatihan Kesehatan Salaman, Magelang Jawa Tengah

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